Worst earthquakes in human history-top 10 earthquakes
Worst earthquakes that shake the world are presented below. The total of people who died in this catastrophes is 2.595.226.
Top 10 worst earthquakes in human history.
1.Near East(Syria)-20/may/1202 worst earthquakes in human history
The 1202 Syria earthquake, is one of the worst earthquakes in human history, struck at about dawn on 20 May 1202 (598 AH) with an epicenter in southwestern Syria. Up to 1,100,000 deaths have been associated with this earthquake, although other estimates are much smaller. It was felt over a very wide area, from Sicily to Mesopotamia and Anatolia to upper Egypt, mostly affecting the Ayyubid Sultanate and the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
2. Senshi, China-2/February/1556 kills an estimated 820,000
In 1556, an earthquake in Senshi, China, kills an estimated 820,000 people. Counting casualties is often imprecise after large-scale disasters. The quake struck in late evening, with aftershocks continuing through the following morning. Later scientific investigation revealed that the magnitude of the earthquake was approximately 8.0 to 8.3, which isn’t close to the strongest tremor on record. However, the quake struck in the middle of a densely populated area with poorly constructed buildings and homes, resulting in a horrific death toll.
3. Calcutta, India-11/november/1737 one of the worst earthquakes in India till that time.
In the night between the 11th and 12th October 1737, there happened a furious hurricane at the mouth of the Ganges. There was at the same time a violent earthquake , one of the worst earthquakes in india till that time, the quake threw down great many houses along the river side,in Calcutta alone and the port belonging the English empire. Two hundred house where thrown down and the high and magnificent steeple of English Church sunk in to the ground without breaking. It is computed the 20.000 ships, barques, slops, boats canoes & etc. have been cast away. Sais an anonymous reports conveyed to Europe 6 months later by merchant ships returning from Bengal.
4. Antioch, Syria-20/may/526 the earthquake killed approximately 250,000 people
The 526 Antioch earthquake hit Syria (region) and Antioch in the Byzantine Empire in 526. It struck during late May, probably between May 20–29, at mid-morning, killing approximately 250,000 people. The earthquake was followed by a fire that destroyed most of the buildings left standing by the earthquake. The maximum intensity in Antioch is estimated to be between 8(Severe) and 9 (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale.
5. Tang-Shan, China-28/july/1976 reported as 242,000 persons, but it may have been as high as 655,000.
Tangshan earthquake of 1976, also called Great Tangshan Earthquake, earthquake on July 28, 1976, with a magnitude of 7.5, which nearly razed the Chinese coal-mining and industrial city of Tangshan, located about 68 miles (110 km) east of Beijing. The death toll, thought to be one of the largest in recorded history, was officially reported as 242,000 persons, but it may have been as high as 655,000. At least 700,000 more people were injured, and property damage was extensive, reaching even to Beijing. Most of the fatalities resulted from the collapse of unreinforced masonry homes where people were sleeping.
6. Nan-Shan, China-22/05/1927 the earthquake destroyed 90% of houses
In the area of greatest intensity, all cave dwellings and 90% of houses were destroyed. The ground was extensively fissured, with fissures up to 14 km (8.7 mi) in length, 6–13 m (20–43 ft) wide and 7 m (23 ft) deep. A large landslide at Dongchuan buried several villages and blocked the road for a year. The magnitude of this earthquake has been variously calculated as 7.6 on the moment magnitude scale and 8.0–8.3 on the surface wave magnitude scale. The surface rupture caused by the earthquake was 23 km (14 mi) long.
7. Yeddo, Japan-30/ December /1703 killed more than 108,000 people
The earthquake of 1703 was only a magnitude 8.0, but along with its tsunami it killed more than 108,000 people. The quake actually struck in Sagami Bay, about 25 miles (40 kilometers) southwest of Tokyo. It ruptured in the middle of a tectonic plate, unlike Japan's most recent quake, which struck where two plates ram together.
8. Kansu, China- 16/December/1920 the earthquake was7.8 on the Richter magnitude scale
The earthquake hit at 20:05:53 Beijing time reportedly 7.8 on the Richter magnitude scale, and was followed by a series of aftershocks for three years. Today's Chinese media claim the earthquake was of magnitude 8.5, although the seismic scale is not specified. It caused total destruction in the Lijun Bi-Haiyuan-Ganyanchi area and was assigned the maximum intensity on the Mercalli intensity scale.
9. Messina, Italy-20/12/1908 at least 91% of structures in Messina were destroyed
The earthquake almost levelled Messina. At least 91% of structures in Messina were destroyed or irreparably damaged and some 75,000 people were killed in the city and suburbs. Reggio Calabria and other locations in Calabria also suffered heavy damage, with some 25.000 people killed. Reggio's historic centre was almost completely eradicated. The number of casualties is based on the 1901 and 1911 census data. It was the most destructive earthquake to ever strike Europe.
10. Tokyo/Yokohama, Japan-01/September /1923 the earthquake had a magnitude of 7.9 on the moment magnitude scale
The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.9 on the moment magnitude scale. This earthquake devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, and the surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka, and caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region. Its force was so great in Kamakura, over 60 km (37 mi) from the epicenter, it moved the Great Buddha statue, which weighs about 93 short tons (84 t), almost two feet.